Most can fly between 1-3 miles. Some as little as 300 to 1000 ft.
Most 2-3 weeks. Some longer. Most females live longer than males.
When used at the proper rate, spraying is designed to affect mosquitoes while flying. The droplets are so small that they rapidly break down leaving little to no residue, reducing risk to other animals.
No. Only a small number of species can pass on viruses.
Headache, body aches, joint pain, vomiting, diarrhea, or rash.
There is no vaccine or treatment for WNV. You should have blood work taken by a physician if you suspect you have WNV. Treatment may be taking over-the-counter pain medication.
The best way is to avoid being bitten:
· Wear shoes, socks, long pants, and a long-sleeved shirt when outdoors for long periods of time, or when mosquitoes are most active.
· Use mosquito netting when sleeping outdoors or in an unscreened structure to protect small babies when outdoors.
· Consider using mosquito repellent, according to directions, when it is necessary to be outdoors.
Remove Standing Water:
· Get rid of unused plastic containers and flower pots, and other items that may be around your home collecting water.
· Empty water from used or discarded tires that may have accumulated on your property (e.g., tire swings).
· Drill holes in the bottom of recycling containers that are left outside.
· Clean clogged roof gutters every year if leaves have a tendency to plug up the drains.
· Turn over plastic wading pools when not in use.
· Turn over wheelbarrows and do not allow water to stagnate in birdbaths.
· Change water in birdbaths and kids pools every week.
· Aerate ornamental pools or stock them with fish.
· Clean and chlorinate swimming pools that are not in use. Be aware that mosquitoes may even lay eggs in water that collects on swimming pool covers.
Bug lights or 'zappers' are not very effective. They do not attract most mosquitoes. They do attract and kill beneficial insects.
A lake or pond is much less likely to be a source of mosquitoes than if it were a temporary body of water such as a puddle. A puddle can produce 10 to 20 times as many mosquitoes as the average farm pond. Lakes and ponds usually have insects, fish, and other animals that will eat mosquitoes. Most mosquito species would not even lay eggs in a permanent body of water.
We have 64 species of mosquitoes throughout New Jersey.
Black-legged tick (Ixodes scapularis)
American Dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis)
Lone Star tick (Amblyomma americanum)
Ticks can pass on several diseases to people and animals such as Lyme disease, Anaplasmosis, Babesiosis, and Ehrlichiosis to name a few. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has more information for tick-borne diseases here.
It is important to remove the attached tick as soon as it is found and to remove the whole tick. To do so, use fine-pointed tweezers to grab the tick as close to the skin as possible. Do not twist or jerk the tick—this may cause the mouth parts to break off and remain in the skin. If this happens, remove the mouth parts with tweezers if possible. If not, leave them alone and let your skin heal. With a steady motion, gently pull straight up until all parts of the tick are removed. Do not use petroleum jelly, hot matches, nail polish remover, or other products to remove a tick.